Biomass is all the organic matter found in the earth. As a source of energy, it has tremendous versatility, allowing different procedures obtained by both solid and liquid fuels and gas. Of vegetable or animal origin, including the materials derived from natural or artificial transformation. Any type of biomass comes from plant photosynthesis reaction, which synthesizing organic substances from CO2 of air and other simple substances, using the sun’s energy.
The energy can be obtained from biomass comes from sunlight, which through the process of photosynthesis, is used by green plants through chemical reactions in the cells, which take CO2 from the air and convert it into organic substances,
according a the reaction: CO2 + H2O (H-COH) + O2
In these processes of conversion of solar energy into chemical energy it is transformed accumulating in different organic compounds (polysaccharides, fats) and is incorporated and transformed by the animal kingdom, including humans, which reverses the transformation for goods consumption.